【引用本文】 顾涛, 赵信文, 雷晓庆, 等. 珠江三角洲崖门镇地区水稻田土壤-植物系统中硒元素分布特征及迁移规律研究[J]. 岩矿测试, 2019, 38(5): 546-556. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201811030118
GU Tao?, ZHAO Xin-wen?, LEI Xiao-qing?, et al. Distribution and Migration Characteristics of Selenium in the Soil-Plant System of Paddy Fields in the Pearl River Delta, Yamen Town[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2019, 38(5): 546-556. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201811030118

珠江三角洲崖门镇地区水稻田土壤-植物系统中硒元素分布特征及迁移规律研究

1. 中国地质调查局武汉地质调查中心, 湖北 武汉 430205;

2. 中国地质大学(武汉)生物地质与环境地质实验室, 湖北 武汉 430074

收稿日期: 2018-11-04? 修回日期: 2019-01-27?

基金项目: 国家重点研究计划项目(2018YFC1800804);中国地质调查局地质调查项目(DD20190291)

作者简介: 顾涛,硕士,工程师,主要从事环境地质调查研究。E-mali:cugyunnangt1@163.com。。

Distribution and Migration Characteristics of Selenium in the Soil-Plant System of Paddy Fields in the Pearl River Delta, Yamen Town

1. Wuhan Center of Geological Survey, China Geological Survey, Wuhan 430205, China;

2. State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and environment Geology, China University of Geosciences(Wuhan), Wuhan 430074, China

Received Date: 2018-11-04
Revised Date: 2019-01-27

开元棋牌的娱乐平台_开元棋牌网站送彩金_开元棋牌下载送金币:硒在自然环境中的分布及迁移规律一直是研究热点。多目标区域地球化学调查成果表明,珠三角地区土壤硒含量较为丰富,适宜富硒特色农产品种植,但土壤-植物系统中硒的迁移转化规律尚不清楚。本文以典型富硒区-江门市崖门镇为例,系统采集了岩石、风化土、稻田土壤、浅层地下水、灌溉水及水稻样品,应用原子荧光光谱法进行硒含量测试,探讨土壤-植物系统中硒元素分布特征及迁移规律。结果表明:崖门镇花岗岩、花岗岩风化土、稻田表层土壤、剖面土壤、浅层地下水、灌溉水、大米硒含量平均值分别为0.02075mg/kg、0.2325mg/kg、0.506mg/kg、0.83mg/kg、0.0003mg/kg、0.0004mg/kg、0.058mg/kg,表层土壤硒含量与珠江三角洲土壤地球化学背景值(0.51mg/kg)相当,大米硒含量达到富硒稻谷标准。土壤-植物系统中硒元素迁移规律为:土壤剖面硒元素向下部迁移,沿径流方向硒向下游迁移。土壤硒较易向水稻根部迁移,较难从根部向水稻地上部分迁移。本研究获得的土壤-植物系统硒元素分布与迁移规律可为该地区富硒资源开发利用提供科学依据。

关键词: 水稻田, , 原子荧光光谱法, 土壤-植物系统, 分布, 迁移

Distribution and Migration Characteristics of Selenium in the Soil-Plant System of Paddy Fields in the Pearl River Delta, Yamen Town

KEY WORDS: rice, selenium, Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry, soil-plant system, distribution, migration

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珠江三角洲崖门镇地区水稻田土壤-植物系统中硒元素分布特征及迁移规律研究

顾涛, 赵信文, 雷晓庆, 黄长生, 曾敏, 刘学浩, 王节涛